Cannabidiol (CBD) use is skyrocketing in the US. Between 2014 and 2018, the sales of CBD increased by 474%, and are projected to increase another 353% by 2022. Clearly, people nationwide are discovering that this all-natural, cannabis-derived supplement is a great way to support their health.
Full Spectrum vs CBD Isolate
Full spectrum CBD contains trace amounts (0.3 percent) of THC, while CBD isolate is a pure isolated cannabidiol with plant material removed. Full spectrum CBD is preferred by those who want the inclusion of plant terpenes, but CBD isolate is a lower cost per milligram.
History of CBD
In 1988, scientists found a cannabinoid receptor in the brain of a rat, which quickly led to studies that found the same receptors in the human brain. They discovered that this fascinating system of neurotransmitters and receptors regulated most of the important functions and processes throughout your body. After decades of research, it is now known as the endocannabinoid system.
The receptors discovered in the endocannabinoid system mean that cannabinoids can attach to these receptors in the brain, giving them the potential to affect the mind and body in a myriad of ways. But that brought up a new question: what function do cannabinoid receptors have? After all, these types of receptors only fit with the substance they are shaped to receive. No other molecule will attach, so why are there cannabinoid receptors in the human brain? The only known source of cannabinoids at the time was cannabis.
In 1992, scientists began to uncover the answers to this question. They discovered the first endocannabinoid – “endo” meaning it’s made inside the body. By 1995, they had discovered a second type of receptor and a second type of endocannabinoid that attaches to that receptor.
These molecules and their receptors make up the endocannabinoid system in the body. It turns out that the endocannabinoid system seems to regulate a huge number of functions, including ones in the nervous system, the immune system, and metabolism. In order to construct the components of the endocannabinoid system, the body requires omega-3 fatty acids. A deficiency in these important fats can result in a malfunctioning endocannabinoid system. Today, some researchers even believe that many health conditions and diseases could be the result of cannabinoid deficiencies affecting this system.
Supplementing with cannabinoids has shown great promise in supporting the healthy function of the endocannabinoid system. A growing body of research is studying the possibility that cannabinoid supplementation helps the body restore health when dealing with endocannabinoid imbalance.
The endocannabinoid system is an important discovery. Your endocannabinoid system regulates almost every important bodily function. Just some of those functions include:
- Your cardiovascular and circulatory systems
- Inflammation and immune system responses
- Pain perception and pain management
- Neuroprotection and muscle function
- The reproductive processes
- Digestive processes
- Learning and memory
- Metabolism and thermal regulation
- Management of moods and emotional responses
- All the Potential Benefits without the Potential for Intoxication
You may have been concerned learning that CBD oil is extracted from cannabis. While your concerns are understandable, you should know that you have the option of CBD extracted from the cannabis plant marijuana or CBD extracted from the cannabis plant hemp.
The exogenous cannabinoids found in full- spectrum CBD and CBD isolates extracted from the hemp plant provide all the benefits of the cannabis plant without the risk of any intoxicating effects. That’s because marijuana contains high amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol, THC, the cannabinoid responsible for marijuana’s well-known effects. CBD from hemp does not. With hemp-based CBD, you have the ability to get all the potential benefits of supplementing your endocannabinoid system with cannabis extracts with no risk of intoxication or any form of impairment.
While sorting through the many available CBD products, you may have noticed that there are many product options. Some products contain full- spectrum CBD, while others are made with a CBD isolate. The availability of these different product types is often a source of confusion for those still learning about the potential benefits of CBD, or are less familiar with the different types of CBD products.
Differentiating Between Full-Spectrum CBD and CBD Isolate
While CBD (cannabidiol) sourced from natural hemp products does not contain enough THC to cause the intoxication that marijuana is known for, it does contain trace amounts (0.3 percent). In fact, this low level of THC is what differentiates marijuana from hemp. CBD from hemp does not cause any intoxicating effects, even when ingested in large amounts.
While CBD from hemp does not contain enough THC to cause any adverse effects, there are those who prefer to have these trace amounts of THC removed from their products. Those who prefer THC removal often prefer a product made from a CBD isolate.
CBD isolate is CBD in its “purest” form. There are several advantages to using an isolate over a full- spectrum product. Some of those advantages include:
- Trace amounts of THC are potentially removed
- No flavor to interfere with the taste of your edible products
- No odor of the original plant source
- More control of the CBD levels of the finished product
- The potential for higher levels of CBD per dose
- Lower cost/milligram
CBD has the potential to work with your endocannabinoid system to support many vital functions. The best CBD products are sourced from pesticide-free, non-GMO hemp plants, such as the ones sourced by Ingredient Alliance.